Paul Dell Aquila Pop-Up Music History

Composers, Theorists, Significant Individuals, and Notable Works

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Agazzari, Agostino

Agostino Agazzari (1578-1640)

Nationality: Italian
Chapel master at Sienna (1630-1640).
Genres: Madrigals, motets, etc., in both late Renaissance and early Baroque styles.
Important Works: Known especially for treatise "Del sonare sopra il basso" (1607).
Wrote pastoral opera "Eumelio" (1606 in Rome), one of the earliest operas.


Agostini, Lodovico

Aichinger, Gregor

Albinoni, Tomaso Giovanni

Tomaso Giovanni Albinoni (1671–1751)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Opera, sonatas, concertos, and sinfonias.
Important Works: Solo concertos for oboe and trumpet; concerti grossi.


Allegri, Gregorio

Gregorio Allegri (1582–1652)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Priest and singer who worked at the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
Genres: Sacred music.
Important Works: Nine-part Miserere written for the exclusive use of the Sistine Chapel.


Altenburg, Michael

Arcadelt, Jacques

Arne, Thomas Augustine

Ars Cantus Mensurabilis

Attaingnant, Pierre

Pierre Attaingnant (c. 1494–1552)

Nationality: French
Was the first large-scale publisher of single-impression movable type for music-printing.
In his method of printing music the staff-segments and notes were combined, so that both could be printed in a single impression replacing the earlier double or triple impression techniques.
He was the first music publisher to achieve a true mass production.
Published Chansons nouvelles en musique à quatre parties in 1528.
In 1537 he received the unprecedented appointment of 'imprimeur et libraire du Roy en musique'.


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Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel

Bach, Johann Sebastian

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750)

Nationality: German
Period: Baroque
Genres: Sacred cantata, contrapuntal keyboard music, concertos, suites, etc.
Important Works: Brandenberg Concertos (1721); Goldberg Variations (1722); Well-Tempered Clavier (Books I and II) (1722–1744); St. John's Passion (1723); St. Matthew Passion (1729); Christmas Oratorio (1734); Italian Concerto (1735); The Musical Offering (1747); Mass in B Minor (1749); The Art of Fugue (1750); 4 orchestral suites; 7 harpsichord concertos; 3 violin concertos; over 200 cantatas.


Bach, Wilhelm (F) Freidemann

Banchieri, Adriano

Bartok, Bela

Bartolini, Orindio

Beethoven, Ludwig von

Bennet, John

Boethius, Severinus

Buxtehude, Dietrich

Dietrich Buxtehude (c. 1637–1707)

Nationality: Danish
Period: Baroque
Genres: Organ music, cantatas for the German Protestant liturgy.
Important Works: 120 sacred cantatas and other vocal pieces; many organ works; chamber and keyboard music.


Byrd, William

William Byrd (1543–1623)

Nationality: English
Genres: Sacred music, songs, madrigals, keyboard works, consort pieces for viols.
Important Works: Masses, three Latin and one English; Cantiones sacrae (1575); 140 keyboard pieces, including The Queenes Alman and Wolsey's Wilde.


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Caldara, Antonio

Campion, Thomas

Cantigas de Santa Maria

Carissimi, Giacomo

Giacomo Carissimi (1605–1674)

Nationality: Italy
Period: Baroque
Worked in Rome as as choir-master to Queen Christina of Sweden.
Genres: Sacred oratorio, motets, and cantatas.
Important Works: Mass setting based on “L’homme armé.”


Charpentier, Marc-Antoine

Marc-Antoine Charpentier (c. 1645–1704)

Nationality: French
Period: Baroque
Music master and court singer to the Duchesse de Guise.
Genres: Sacred Music, Magnificats, antiphons, psalms, motets, and stage works.
Important Works: La malade imaginaire; Les arts florissants (1685).


Clemens, Jacobus non Papa

Clementi, Muzio

Corelli, Arcangelo

Arcangelo Corelli (1653–1713)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Violin music, sinfonias, concertos.
Important Works: Four sets of 12 trio sonatas; 12 solo sonatas; 12 concerti grossi.


Coste, Gabriel

Couperin, Francois

Couperin, Francois

Francois Couperin (c . 1626–1661)

Nationality: French
Period: Baroque
Organist at the Royal Chapel.
Genres: Harpsichord works, instrumental suites.

Croft, William

Czerny, Carl

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Debussy, Claude

Delius, Frederick

Des Prez, Josquin

Diabelli, Anton

Dowland, John

John Dowland (c. 1563-1626)

Nationality: English
Royal lutenist to the court of James I.
Genres: Solo song with lute accompaniment.
Important Works: “Flow My Tears”; “Sweet, Stay Awhile”; “In Darkness Let Me Dwell”; Lachrimae (Tears) a collection of lute pieces (1604).


Dufay, Guillaume

Guillaume Dufay (1397–1474)

Nationality: Flemish
Genres: Polyphonic sacred and secular forms.
Important Works: Motets; masses; songs.


Dunstable, John

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Elgar, Edward

Esterhazy, Prince Paul Anton

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Fauré, Gabriel Urbain

Franco of Cologne

Frescobaldi, Girolamo

Froberger, Johann Jacob

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Gabrieli, Andrea

Gabrieli, Giovanni

Galilei, Vincenzo

Gesualdo, Carlo

Carlo Gesualdo (c. 1560–1613)

Nationality: Italian
Genres: Secular vocal music.
Important Works: Six books of madrigals.


Gibbons, Orlando

Grieg, Edvard

Guido d' Arezzo

Guido d' Arezzo (11th-century)

Nationality: Italian
Important Works: Italian monk who invented the solmization system (the precursor of tonic solfa) in which various syllables were used to indicate pitches in a musical scale. He also invented the Guidonian Hand in which the tips and joints of the five fingers were used as an aid to remembering the various notes.


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Halle, Adam de la

Handel, George Friedrich

Handel, George Friedrich

George Friedrich Handel (1685–1759)

Nationality: German
Period: Baroque
Genres: Italianate operas and English oratorios
Important Works: Water Music (1717); Acis and Galatea (1718) and 45 other operas; Chandos Anthems (1717–1720); 12 concerti grossi (1739); Messiah (1742); 15 other oratorios, Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749).


Hassler, Hans Leo

Haydn, Joseph

Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)

Nationality: Austrian
Period: Classical
Genres: Symphonies, string quartets, opera, oratorios, masses.
Important Works: Stabat Mater (1767); Die Schöpfung (The Creation) (1797); Die jahreszeiten (The Seasons) (1798).


Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179)

Nationality: German
Genres: Plainsong settings of her own poetry.
Important Works: Ordo Virtutum; Symphonia Armonie Celestium Revelationum.


Hindemith, Paul

Hummel, Johann Nepomuk

Humperdinck, Engelbert

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Ingegneri, Marc Antonio

Isaac, Heinrich

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Jacopo da Bologna

Johnson, Robert

Joplin, Scott

Josquin des Prez

Josquin des Prez (c. 1440–1521)

Nationality: Flemish
Genres: Polyphonic sacred works and secular songs.
Important Works: 19 Masses, including Pange lingua and De beata virgine.


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Kuhnau, Johann

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Landini, Francesco

Lassus, Orlando di

Orlando di Lassus (c. 1532–1594)

Nationality: Flemish
Genres: Polyphonic sacred and lyrical secular music.
Important Works: Psalmi Davidis poenitentiales (1584); “Tristis est anima mea” (1568); “Adoremus te, Christe” (1604); and many other motets.


Loeillet, Jean Baptiste

Lully, Jean-Baptiste

Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632–1687)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Court ballets, comedy-ballets, opera
Important Works: 36 court ballets; 14 comédies-ballets, including Les facheux (1661) and Le bourngeois gentilhomme (1670); 16 tragédies-lyriques, including Alceste (1674), Atys (1676), Amadis (1684), Roland (1685) and Armide (1686).


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MacDowell, Edward Alexander

Machaut, Guillaume de

Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300–1377)

Nationality: French
Genres: Sacred and secular vocal music of the ars nova.
Important Works: Notre-Dame Mass; motets; secular songs.


Magnus Liber Organi

Marpurg, Friedrich Wilhelm

Mattheson, Johann

Mendelssohn, Felix Bartholdy

Messe de Nostre Dame


Monastery of St. Gall

Monte, Filip de

Monteverdi, Claudio

Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Opera, madrigals, motets.
Important Works: Nine books of madrigals; Vespro della beata verine (1610); La favola d’Orfeo (1607); Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria (1640); L’incoronazione di Poppea (1642).


Montpellier Codex

Morales, Cristóbal

Morley, Thomas

Musica Enchiriadis

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Nielsen, Carl

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Ockeghem, Johannes

Johannes Ockeghem (c. 1410–1497)

Nationality: Flemish
Genres: Polyphonic sacred works.
Important Works: 14 Masses.


Offenbach, Jacques

Old Hall Manuscript

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Pachelbel, Johann

Johann Pachelbel (1653–1706)

Nationality: German
Period: Baroque
Genres: Organ music.
Important Works: Canon and Gigue in D major; six suites for two violins; organ chorales.


Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525–1594)

Nationality: Italian
Genres: Polyphonic sacred music.
Important Works: Missa Papae Marcelli (1567); Missa Assumpta est Maria (1567); Missa brevis (1570); Stabat Mater (1590).


Bach, Giovanni Battista

Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista (1710–1736)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Comic opera.
Important Works: La serva padrona (The Maid as Mistress) (1733); Stabat Mater (1736).



Petrus de Cruce

Piston, Walter

Power, Leonel

Praetorius, Michael

Purcell, Henry

Henry Purcell (1659–1695)

Nationality: English
Period: Baroque
Genres: Opera and incidental music for the stage, odes, anthems, instrumental music.
Important Works: Dido and Aeneas (1689); King Arthur (1691); The Fairy Queen (1692); Hail, Bright Cecilia (1692); Come, Ye Sons of Art (1694); Te Deum and Jubilate in D (1694); Funeral music for Queen Mary (1695).


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Quantz, Johann Joachim

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Ravel, Maurice

Rameau, Jean-Philippe

Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683–1764)

Nationality: French
Period: Baroque
Genres: Opera and opera-ballets in the French style.
Important Works: Les Indes galantes (The Courtly Indies) (1735); Castor et Pollux (1737); Pièces de clavecin (1741).


Roman de Fauvel

Rore, Cipriano de

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Satie, Erik

Scarlatti, Alessandro

Alessandro Scarlatti (1660–1725)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Pupil of Carissimi; worked in Rome for Queen Christina of Sweden.
Genres: Opera, sacred music, and chamber cantatas.
Important Works: La Griselda (1721).


Scarlatti, Dominico

Dominico Scarlatti (1685–1757)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Virtuoso harpsichord music.
Important Works: 550 keyboard sonatas.


Scheidt, Samuel

Schein, Johann Hermann

Schmelzer, Johann

Scholica Enchiriadis

Schütz, Heinrich

Heinrich Schütz (1585–1672)

Nationality: German
Period: Baroque
Genres: Sacred vocal and instrumental music, including oratorios and Passions.
Important Works: Psalmen Davids (1619); Cantiones sacrae (1625); opera Dafne ( 1627); Symphoniae sacrae (1629, 1647, 1650); Sieben Worte Jesu Christi am Kreuz (Seven Words of Christ on the Cross) (1645); Christmas Oratorio (1660); Passions according to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John (1664).


Senfl, Ludwig

Squarcialupi Codex

Stamitz, Carl

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Tallis, Thomas

Thomas Tallis (c. 1505–1585)

Nationality: English
Genres: Polyphonic motets in Latin and English.
Important Works: Motet Spem in alium (c . 1570); Lamentations of Jeremiah; Cantiones sacrae.


Tartini, Giuseppe

Giuseppe Tartini (1692–1770)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Violin sonatas, concertos, and other instrumental works.
Important Works: Devil’s Trill.


Taverner, John

Tchaikowski, Piotr Ilyich

Telemann, Georg Philipp

Tinctoris, Johannes

Trent Codices

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Vaughn Williams, Ralph

Vecchi, Orazio Tiberio

Victoria, Tomás Louis de

Tomás Louis de Victoria (c. 1548–1611)

Nationality: Spanish
Genres: Richly polyphonic sacred works.
Important Works: Requiem Mass for the Dowager Empress Maria (1603); 20 masses; 16 magnificats.


Vivaldi, Antonio

Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741)

Nationality: Italian
Period: Baroque
Genres: Instrumental music, especially violin concertos.
Important Works: Over 400 concertos published in sets, including L’estro armonico (1711); Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione (1725) 12 concertos of which the first four are Le quattro stagioni.


Vogelweide, Walter von der

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Wagner, Richard

Walther, Johann Gottfried

Weber, Carl Maria Von

Webern, Anton Von

Willaert, Adrian

Winchester Tropers

Wolf, Hugo

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Young, La Monte

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Zemlinsky, Alexander Von

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